Lithuania held Parliamentary elections and referendum

October 13, 2008 at 4:24 pm 4 comments

On 12 September Lithuanian held its parliamentary elections.  The elections are taking place every four years on the second Sunday of October.

In Lithuania, 70 parliamentarians are elected in multi-mandate district and the remaining 71 win mandates in single-mandate voting.

The elections  multi-mandate district were already accomplished on Sunday afternoon after more than 25 percent of all voters turned to vote.Here are the multi-mandate results after the votes been counted in 2025 districts out of 2036

  • The Homeland Union – Lithuanian Christian Democrats with 17 mandates and received 19.57 percent.
  • The National Resurrection Party with 13 mandated and 15.14 percent
  • The Order and Justice (Paksas) Party 11 mandates and 12.74 percent
  • The Social Democrats with 11 mandates and 11.75 percent
  • The Labour (Uspaskich) Party and Youth coalition eight mandates and 9.03 percent.
  • The Liberal Movement 5 seats with 5.68 percent
  • The Liberal and Centre Union five seats with 5.31 percent

Rest of the parties did not gather required 5 percent in order to get into the parliament.

Three MPs were elected to the parliament through the single-mandate voting.  In order to do that a candidate must get 50 percent plus one vote.  Hence, on the September 26 is going to be a second tour in which two most popular candidates will compete.

Usually, the Conservatives Home Land union and the Social Democrats are performing the best in the single-mandate.  At the moment 

  • 44 Conservatives are leading in their constituencies,
  • 25 Social Democrats,
  • 16 Order and Justice,
  • 10 from Labour,
  • 10 form the Liberal and Centre,
  • 9 from Resurrection Party,
  • 8 from Liberal Movement,
  • 6 Farmers  
  • 5 from Labour,
  • 5 Independent
  • 4 from the Polish election action.

At the same time the referendum took place.  The referendum statement sounded something like that ‘‘I am in favour of the extension of the nuclear plant’s life span until the technically safe term expands, but not longer than the new nuclear plant will be built.’

Let me know if you need ‘further explanation’.  Under Lithuanian legislation, the non-binding referendum is only valid if more than 50 percent of registered voters cast their votes.   However, for the referendum to succeed it lacked some 60,000 votes as only some 47.9 percent of registered voters marked their referendum ballot papers on Sunday.  Some 88.64 percent of referendum participants voiced their support for the extension of operations of the nuclear facility until the construction of new nuclear power plant. Some 3 percent of referendum ballot papers were spoilt.

The foreign observers paid a huge interest in the referendum.  I thing it is much more important for Ignalina lifespan is what parties will form the government.  Meaning that some of them (Paksas) mentioned that if their were to form the government their will resist the closure of Ignalina.

As the BNS reported, the Chairman of Lithuania’s Central Electoral Committee, Zenonas Vaigauskas, announced that no major violations for invalidation of the results of the general elections had been registered.  “We have received no reports of major violations for invalidation of the election outcome, although some violations are alarming, and law-enforcement institutions are determined to take relevant measures against them,” Vaigauskas told a news conference on Monday.

All possible coalitions are possible, however best is to wait for the final result.  There are possibilities of Centre Left, Centre Right and the Rainbow coalitions.

The biggest surprise is second place for the newfound Resurrection Party, rather a bad result for Paksas and a quite disappointing result for Uspaskich’d Labour.  I am also surprise that it seems that the Farmers and the Social Liberals will be out.  I was rather convinced that the split liberals (Liberal and Centre and Liberal Movement) will not get into Seimas due to the 5 percent for the fresh hold.  It seems that both of them are inn and after this ‘success’ the two parties began making noises about possible unification.

Overall I regard this election positively, but still, lets wait and see until September 26


Entry filed under: Baltic States, Economics, Energy, Lithuania, Northern Europe, Politics.

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4 Comments Add your own

  • 1. Jeremy  |  October 14, 2008 at 5:22 am

    Fascinating stuff this, but I’m not sure I understand what you mean by mandates. Is a mandate like a district, so the 70 mulit-mandate candidates represent the country as a whole and the 71 single mandate candidates just represent a geographic region of the country?

  • 2. Ruslanas Iržikevičius  |  October 14, 2008 at 11:13 am

    71 multi-mandate voting constituencies represent the political parties as a whole. The parties will get those seats proportionally of their results. For instance the Conservatives will get 17 seats since they have got 19 percent. Therefore, theoretically all candidates from the party which where listed on the election list from number one to number seventeen are already in the parliament. The election list with the ranking had to be presented to the Voting Commission before hand. The parties decide for themselves who is going to number one, two etc. In addition, on this ballot the voter could rank the five party members also. This usually corrects some of the ranking done by the party.

    However, some of those who are listed also running in the single-mandate constituencies. The 70 single-mandate constituencies belong to the individual candidates from the parties and some independent candidates. There were 15 independent, and 5 of them went to the second tour. The second tour takes place if there is no a winner with 50% plus one vote. The two most successful candidates have to compete two weeks later.

  • 3. Lithuania voted. Now what?  |  October 14, 2008 at 10:59 pm

    […] other parties managed the 5% threshhold. Now, if Iržikevičius is right, the TS/LKD coalition will make huge gains on their 17 seats in the second round, followed by […]

  • 4. Gilles  |  October 16, 2008 at 8:04 pm

    You probably noticed that Tevynes Sajunga has now 18 seats and LSDP only 10.

    I confess that, as a French living in Lithuania since more than 3 years, and rather interessed by Lithuanian politics, it was a little bit difficult to understand the system. By the way, I am no sure that all my Lithuanian friends understood it !

    Gilles, in Vilnius


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