Posts filed under ‘Estonia’
The Lithuania’s protocol is in touch with the Estonian protocol to pick their brains on organising the Presidential funeral, the editor of magazine Kelias, Mr Rytas Staselis wrote in his blog on 7 February. It appears that the Lithuanian protocol is getting ready for death of one of the most prominent Lithuania’s politicians Algirdas Mykolas Brazauskas, who has been in intensive care for almost a month.
According to the editor he learned about this news from a businessman. Mr Staselis also called to his friends in Estonia to confirm this and got a positive response. According to Mr Staselis Tallinn received an official request from Vilnius and is still undecided how to react in the case of need. The editor makes an assumption that the Estonian protocol would send a team to help organise the funeral in Lithuania. Estonia’s President Lennart Meri is the first Baltic President, who passed away in 14 March 2006.
On 31 December the Vilniaus diena paper published an interview with the Prime Minister Adnrius Kubilius. Even thought the 2009 was a very challenging year the PM hopes that 2010 will be a less difficult year. See the interview
Vilniaus diena – Was 2009 a difficult year for you personally?
Kubilius - This was an interesting year. All these challenges we had to face were sometimes extraordinary, therefore interesting.
Of course, we had to make some difficult decisions. However, I would like to thank the people that they have endured the effects of these decisions.
Vilniaus diena – They have endured them with much difficulty, but have they understood them?
Kubilius - It seems to me that the majority of them have understood the necessity of these decisions. They have understood just as we, the government, have understood that, unfortunately, we cannot avoid making difficult decisions. We had a very clear understanding that there was no other alternative.
The example of our neighbours shows that there is no other alternative. If we do not believe in ourselves, we can compare our situation with the situation in Latvia or Estonia, which have chosen the same way and have implemented similar decisions. They have cut their spending and are planning to cut spending even further; they have increased their taxes as well.
Vilniaus diena – But the Latvian Constitutional Court has ruled against pension cuts. We may have a similar ruling in Lithuania. Will you assume the responsibility if your proposals are assessed as legally invalid?
Kubilius - I would not rush to forecast that Latvia’s decision will be automatically approved in Lithuania. First of all, Latvia has a different system of pension benefits. Moreover, it has different procedures for reducing pensions and other social benefits than in Lithuania. I think that our procedures are more appropriate.
However, I would like to underscore that we will soon discuss the reform of the entire system of social benefits. One of the issues we will discuss is how to compensate for the reduced pensions. This is why I doubt we should be so apocalyptic about the legally invalid decisions.
Vilniaus diena – Many people see 2009 as the year of riots, worries about the future, growing unemployment, decreasing salaries and social benefits, and other disasters. What is your opinion?
Kubilius – This has been the year of energetic activities. I think we have made quite effective decisions that allowed us to stabilize the financial system. Moreover, we have reorganized things in many areas. I would like to mention here the energy sector. I think that comparing the situation with the one we had at the end of 2008, the future looks much better and we have made a huge leap forward.
Just the fact that we have decided to disband LEO LT is very significant. This was not a painful disbandment. We have clearly moved forward with the energy projects, such as the electricity bridge to Sweden, market liberalization, and the construction of a new nuclear power plant…
Vilniaus diena – It looks like we will have to face even more challenges in 2010. Some foreign analytics forecast that we will have one of the worst economy falls, unemployment will reach 20 per cent, salaries will be cut, prices of electricity and other prices will grow. Is it possible to be optimistic?
Kubilius - Of course, there will be challenges. But we should see the positive side. There are some positive signs. I am doing my best to encourage the people to see the good signs. For example, SEB Bank has announced a new forecast, according to which the economy could grow by 1 per cent or so in 2010. Earlier, the forecast was that it would fall by some 3-4 per cent.
On the other hand, the forecasts change every day. When there is an economic crisis, nobody is able to forecast the future correctly.
Vilniaus diena - Which means that the SEB forecast may prove to be incorrect?
Kubilius – Well, at least it is optimistic. This is also very important (smiling).
Vilniaus diena – Does this mean that you are optimistic about 2010?
Kubilius – I think that as far as economic forecasts are concerned, there is a certain rule: It is difficult to predict what is going to happen because of the turning points, this is why when the indicators are falling, they often fall lower than expected; and when they are growing, they grow higher then predicted.
Vilniaus diena - But your optimistic statements will not comfort every fifth Lithuanian who is in danger of being unemployed next year.
Kubilius - Without a doubt, the economy will continue falling for some time. However, the countries to which we export have started to recover from the crisis. This allows us to be more optimistic about 2010 than we were in mid-2009.
We have corrected the forecasts. The Finance Ministry has announced that the economy this year will fall not by 18 per cent, but by 15 per cent. This is an improvement. We can expect much better results next year.
Of course, we will still have serious problems with the budget next year, the debt will grow and the administration expenses will also grow.
Another headache is unemployment. We will seek to find solutions to this problem. This could be done through economic stimulus programmes.
Vilniaus diena – Do you think that unemployment will not reach 15-20 per cent?
Kubilius - The data for the last quarter of 2009 shows that unemployment was stabilized at the level of 11-12 per cent. It is difficult to predict whether this tendency changes or not. However, even in this area there are some signs of optimism.
Vilniaus diena – In your opinion, have we reached the bottom?
Kubilius - We certainly have reached the bottom, and have started slowly moving upward. Of course, we will be in a difficult situation for some time, but we can be more optimistic now because we see the light at the end of the tunnel. This means that we can continue our work to improve our economy and wellbeing.
Vilniaus diena – This economic growth could bring about political instability. Are you confident you will remain the prime minister?
Kubilius - I would like to underscore that the economic growth in the second half of 2010 could improve public mood. I would like to thank the people for this year, despite the several aggressive riots and the broken windows in the Seimas [parliament], the people did not continue [their violence]. This means that society understands that violence will not help us overcome the economic crisis.
There is more optimism in society. This means that political destabilization will be less possible. Because of that the political situation will be more stable and peaceful. I believe that the ruling coalition will be effective and consistent in its work.
Vilniaus diena – Because of the crisis, you have to dedicate more attention to politics and your work in the government. Is your wife not jealous of the time you spend at work? Perhaps she reproaches you for spending most of your time at work and earning less than before?
Kubilius - No. I think I and Rasa [Kubilius's wife] have got accustomed to this way of living. The peaceful atmosphere at home is very important; it helps me to deal with all these challenges in the Seimas and the government. The atmosphere in our home is certainly peaceful (smiling).
Translated by the BBC Monitoring
As the Lithuanian President Grybauskaite admitted the NATO has no plan a defence plan for the Baltic States. A custom NATO defence plan for the Baltic States could be expected no earlier than in two years time.
As the BNS writes, a small state has to consider a mixed model for its armed forces, not excluding a certain extent of conscription, Grybauskaite on 28 July told the press after receiving the oath of office of Lithuania’s new Army Chief Major General Arvydas Pocius.
“A little country can think and consider mixed options. Especially as NATO, as you are aware, doesn’t have a defence plan for this region, and won’t have one for another two years at the least,” Grybauskaite said.
The shape Lithuania’s army reserve could take on, i.e. whether this would require reinstating mandatory military training for Lithuania’s youth, is still the object of discussions, Grybauskaite said.
“I haven’t heard any specific proposals, meaning at this time I have nothing to discuss in this respect,” the president spoke.
The North Atlantic Alliance’s developments on a specific defence plan for the Baltic State are yet to be clearly formulated and communicated.
As the BNS informes the former militiaman of Riga’s Special Purpose Police Squad (OMON) under the Soviet Union’s Interior Ministry will remain in custody in Lithuania until the end of October on suspicions of playing a part in the Medininkai checkpoint massacre.
Sigita Vainauskaite, a Vilnius Regional Court judge, made this ruling on July 27.
This ruling can be appealed to Lithuania’s Court of Appeals.
The decision to extend by three months Mikhailov’s custody term was requested by prosecutor Rolandas Stankevicius, who argued that the accused, who may have committed a felony, is well connected abroad, especially in Russia, and can be expected to try escaping justice.
The judge in Monday’s session also dismissed the former OMON hitman’s request that she resigns from the case over claims of her illegitimate actions.
Vainauskiene ruled that Mikhailov’s accusations have already been covered and answered in previous court hearings.
The defendant felt Vainauskiene shouldn’t be on the panel of judges hearing his case, because of her repeated rulings against his release regardless of protracted court proceedings, which Mikhailov’s defence argues as being overdue. He moreover argued that the judge gave an interview to a journalist working for an Internet news portal before making her ruling and thus violating rules of confidentiality.
Vainauskiene earlier ruled on April 28 to extend Mikhailov’s term of custody for three months. The court then also refused to dismiss the case on the grounds of prescription and release Mikhailov, a decision that was appealed, but also dismissed by the Court of Appeals.
This hasn’t been the first attempt to remove this judge from hearing the Medininkai case. Mikahilov in the end of June tried and failed to get Vainauskiene and Viktoras Dovidaitis removed from the panel of judges.
Charges have been brought against Mikhailov for partaking on July 31 of 1991 in the killing of Lithuanian officers on duty in the Medininkai border control post.
Mikhailov, 40-year-old citizen of Latvia, has for a long time been the only suspect in the said case to be officially charged with suspicion of having partaken in the murder of seven Lithuanian officers. Lithuanian prosecutors in early April also confirmed that official charges have been brought against Alexander Ryzhov who had been in custody in Russia.
Prosecutors say that an investigation with regard to other suspects, also former OMON members – unit chief Cheslav Mlynik and militiamen Andrey Laktyonov and Ryzhov – have been separated and are in process.
On the morning of July 31 1991, Soviet militiamen murdered border guards Antanas Musteikis, Stanislovas Orlavicius, Aras SWAT unit officers Algimantas Juozakas and Mindaugas Balavakas, road police employees Juozas Janonis and Algirdas Kazlauskas with shots to the head.
Police officer Ricardas Rabavicius, who experienced heavy injuries during the attack, died in the hospital Aug. 2. The sole officer who survived the attack was Tomas Sernas, who also experienced heavy injuries at the time of the attack.
Evidence accumulated during the pre-trial investigation leads prosecution to suspect Soviet Union OMON hitmen as being responsible for the crime.
As the BNS informed Lithuanian Foreign Minister Vygaudas Usackas on 23 July will depart for Iceland, where he will voice Lithuania’s firm support to the country’s bid for EU accession and offer political and technical help for the impending preparations for joining the 27-strong bloc.
Foreign Ministry spokesman Rolandas Kacinskas said the minister will personally deliver a Seimas’ resolution, which was passed to express support to Iceland’s bid, and discuss how Lithuania can help Iceland amid its preparations.
“The meetings will focus on Iceland’s EU prospect amid the upcoming meeting of EU foreign ministers; Iceland’s application for EU membership will also be addressed. Lithuania is ready to provide political and technical support to Iceland,” Kacinskas on 23 July told BNS.
Usackas will depart for Reykjavik on 23 July evening, with core meetings scheduled on 24 July, including those with the Icelandic foreign minister and influential Members of Parliament.
The Seimas on Thursday adopted a resolution calling on parliaments and governments of EU member states to back Iceland’s EU bid by requesting that the European Commission (EC) by the end of 2009 offers its opinion on Iceland’s readiness for accession talks.
Usackas had earlier said that Lithuania will offer unconditional support to Iceland’s quest.
Political analysts say Iceland could join the bloc in three-four years time. The Nordic country’s EU prospects will be discussed early next week in the General Affairs and External Relations Council (GAERC) session.
As the BNS informed the Lithuanian parliament has urged European Union nations to support Iceland’s aspiration of joining the organization.
Some 106 parliamentarians voted in support, two were against and four more abstained in the Thursday’s ballot on the resolution, which “calls upon national parliaments and governments of all EU countries to support Iceland’s objective of joining the European Union, asking the European Commission (EC) to state its opinion by the end of 2009 on Iceland’s readiness to open membership negotiations.” The majority of those against were Euro-sceptical MPs.
The resolution also recalls and appreciates Iceland’s support to the Lithuanian nation and country when Iceland was the first Western democracy to recognize Lithuania’s restored independence in 1990.
The parliament also expressed “hope that Iceland would be ready to start the talks in early 2010,” declaring determination to share experience of its EU accession talks.
Lithuania’s Foreign Minister Vygaudas Usackas is flying to Reykjavik later on Friday in sign of support to Iceland.
The Baltic state’s diplomats say that EU nations have not yet reached common grounds on the Icelandic EU membership application: Nordic countries have advocated urgent accession, while some Southern European nations do not want Iceland to be an exception and suggest it should be admitted according to regular procedures. In this case, Iceland would be in the same group of EU aspirants with Albania.
Last week, Iceland submitted an official application to the EU’s presidency Sweden on accession to the organization.
A comment has been posted on this blog in relation to the recently adopted law on protection of minors against negative information.
“we have one more state which shares with us the Western liberal values. ”
LOL! Oh yes, please Mr Adamkus, tell us about your glorious “Western liberal values”.
Doesn’t seem like the Baltic times agrees with this assessment.’
Here is what I would like to say on this issue:
I totally agree with you point and I am whole hart ashamed with this legislation, which by no any means does not correspond with the Western liberal values. However, I would like to make few points here.
First of all, Mr Adamkus has vetoed this legislation. Nevertheless, Seimas with the majority votes over ruled the veto and adopted this law. The law is not coming into effect any time soon. From what I remember it suppose to come into force next year.
Second point is that our new President Grybauskaite has resolutely declared that she does not support this law, but regrettably she will have to sign it today. The president will have to comply with the Constitution.
Thirdly, the Liberal movement has announced that it will initiate an appeal to the Constitutional Court, which will have to explain if the Law does not contravene with Constitution. According to the Constitution the President could also put complain to the Constitutional Court on the same grounds.
Fourthly, the President has a Constitutional right to initiate amendments to a law. Ms Grybauskaite mentioned that she will do just that, perhaps even during this session (the session will end on the 23 July) as Lietuvos Zinios paper wrote.
Lithuania’s society at large is still very homophobic and in majority supports this law. However, the most upsetting circumstance in all this is that our politicians, even those who got their PhDs in Oxbridge in the UK, has also voted in favour of this law. Instead of loosing some of its political capital by educating its electorate their confirmed with homophobic radical mullahs MPs. This is really shocking, even though major papers but Respublika, which is homophobic, ultra nationalist, anti-Semitic, and anti everything, have condemned the law.
The EU, and the international organisations should keep condemning this act of barbaric medievalism and put a lot of pressure to the Lithuanian politicians.